I am a political economist studying innovation, industry, and international security. Since September 2001, I have been advising industries and ministries on their issues of strategy, planning, and policy. My work aims to inform investors, industrialists, technologists, and policy-makers on how to effect, economically, a secure future.

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07 October 2013


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"in the Second World War the Imperial Japanese Navy didn't convoy anything"

Yes they did. They just started convoying late and did it badly.


Note the part about "Grand Escort Command" established in November 1943.

"It seems amazing to me that the IJN could have made convoy escort a major mission in WW1, and then somehow never even discussed it in WW2."

It took the British and the Americans some time to "get it right" in the Atlantic, too. It took them far too long to close the mid-Atlantic air gap, and the losses of unescorted ships off the US East Coast in the first half of 1942 were absolutely shameful. It is amazing to me that the US Navy did not think convoys were necessary not only after their experience in WW1, but after watching the British fight the Battle of the Atlantic for over two years in WW2.

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